Saint John's Bread is Carob According to ITIS the Taxonomy Authority in the United States

ITIS, the taxonomy authority in the US, says St. John's bread and carob are the shared common names of the species Ceratonia siliqua, the carob tree.


Here is their entry for carob:

Ceratonia siliqua  L.

Taxonomic Serial No.: 26531

(Download Help) Ceratonia siliqua TSN 26531


 Taxonomy and Nomenclature


      Kingdom L: Plantae       

      Taxonomic Rank: Species       


      Common Name(s):   St. John's bread [English]

         carob [English]



      Taxonomic Status:              Current Standing:accepted    


      Data Quality Indicators:            

      Record Credibility Rating:verified - standards met



Merriam-Webster’s dictionary defines carob as Saint John’s bread:

Saint John's bread


\ -ˈjšnz-ˌbred

variants: or St. John's bread

Definition of Saint John's bread

: carob sense 2

First Known Use of Saint John's bread

1591, in the meaning defined above




The Encyclopedia Britannica says carob is also know as St. John’s Bread:



Written By:

See Article History

Alternative Titles: Ceratonia siliqua, St. John’s bread, locust bean

Carob, (Ceratonia siliqua), also called locust bean or St. John’s bread, tree of the pea family (Fabaceae), grown for its edible pods. Carob is native to the eastern Mediterranean region and is cultivated elsewhere. The ripe dried pods can be ground into a powder that is somewhat similar in flavour to cocoa, and carob powder, chips, and syrups are commonly used as an alternative to chocolate in health-food products. The names locust bean and St. John’s bread stem from the belief that the “locusts” on which John the Baptist fed were carob pods.



The online etymology dictionary says Locust is a "North American tree, used for ornament and lumber, 1630s, a transferred use (based on resemblance) from locust-tree "carob tree" (1610s), the fruit of which supposedly resembles the insect (see locust (n.1)). Greek akris "locust" often was applied in the Levant to carob pods." (The Levant is the Eastern Mediterranean extending from Greece to Egypt, including Israel, Lebanon and Syria).  

locust (n.2)


Note that: the carob tree was also known as the locust-tree in the Levant due to its fruit pods resembling the locust insect and therefore there could arise confusion in translating the Greek texts into English.

If we assume that John was the witness of Christ then the last supper would have included carob as the bread or body of Christ and fresh pressed grape juice would be the blood of Christ since John never drank alcohol.

Therefore the holy communion of Christ would be specifically carob "bread" and new wine or fresh pressed grape juice and in general fresh fruits, their juices, raw salad vegetables and bacterially cultured raw milk i.e. yogurt, kefir, cheese etc.


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